• Thanapha Srisuwan Faculty of Mass Communication, Chiang Mai University
  • Kwanfa Sriprapandh Faculty of Mass Communication, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: communication of female ex-inmates, the recidivism, labeling, social learning, social support, reintegration of female ex-inmates


According to the Department of Corrections' statistics in Thailand, the recidivism rates In 2018 were 15.60 percent or 15,224 recidivists among the total 109,973 convicted inmates. In comparison to in 2014, the recidivism rates were 14.37 percent or 10,653 recidivists, among The total of 109,838 convicted inmates, the rate is higher than 1.23 percent (Department of Corrections, 2019). The study also indicated that the recidivism rate has been stable and tends to increase continuously. Some factors lead to recidivism, such as social conditions, housing, employment, criminal history, lack of communication skills, and adjustment after being released from prison.

This study aims to examine the communication of female ex-inmates to reintegrating into The community after their release from prisons, which is qualitative research, using data gathered from in-depth interviews with female ex-inmates from the Chiang Mai correctional institution, which was released in 2014 - 2018 and people who involve with them such as family, friends, colleagues, and prison officers. Moreover, this study evaluates possible theories related to the reintegration which is (1) communication theory, focusing on interpersonal communication concept by Bracken, B. A. (1992), using self-disclosure concepts by Josep A. DeVito (2000), and family communication concepts by McLeod and Chaffee (1972), (2) social learning theory By Albert Bandura (1994) posits that people learn from one another, then performing their new behavior, (3) the social support concept by Pender, N. J. (1987) and (4) adjustment theory by Thorpe and Schamuller (1958), especially in self-adjustment and social adjustment.