INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN WEST SUMATRA
(CASE STUDY IN 2015 – 2017)
Background: Infant mortality rate is the number of babies die before reaching 1-year old per 1000 KH. The highest infant mortality rate in West Sumatra Province was in 2015-2017. In 2016, there were 111 babies and the lowest cases found in 2015. The purpose of this research was to determine factors related to IMR in West Sumatra province in 2015 to 2017. This research used non-reactive by using secondary data on Health Profile West Sumatra.
Methode: The type of this research was quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The populations were all regencies/cities in West Sumatra Province for the past 3 years as much as 57 had been chosen as the samples. The variables studied were LBW, pregnant women's first visit, the fourth visit, delivery assisted health workers and Tetanus Toxoid (TT) immunization of pregnant women toward IMR. The data were analyzed by correlation spearmen with α = 0.05.
Result and Conclusion: The results of this research found that that there was a relationship between LBW (sp = 0.607), first visit (sp = 0.640), fourth visit (sp = 0.604), helper delivery by health personnel (sp = 0.644) toward IMR. Meanwhile, TT immunization in pregnant women (sp = 0.544) had no relationship to IMR. In short, LBW is the strongest variable related to IMR in West Sumatra Province. It is expected to the health workers to improve their services for all pregnant women and activities to reduce IMR.